Moss Habitats

Alpine

Aquatic or Frequently Submerged

Disturbed Areas and Exposed Soil (mesic-xeric)

Dung

Humic Soil and Forest Floor

Logs and Stumps

Rocks, Ledges or Thin Soil Over Rocks

Tree Bases

Tree Trunks

Wet Rock and Seepy Ledges

Wet Rocks in or Near Streams

Wetlands, Streambanks and Wet Soil

 

DarkOrange 'apricot' = Acrocarps - rarely branched, tuft formers

C = costate

! = "calciophile"

Names are those as recoginized in BFNA. Names in parantheses are common synonyms.


TREE TRUNKS

Dicranum montanum C

Dicranum viride C

Orthotrichum obtusifolium C

Orthotrichum ohioense C

Orthotrichum sordidum C

Orthotrichum stellatum C

Ulota coarctata C

Ulota crispula C

Ulota intermedia C

Zygodon conoideus C

Zygodon viridissimus C

Anacamptodon splachnoides C

Anomodon (Haplohymenium) triste C

Anomodon minor C

Anomodon rugelii C

Drummondia prorepens C

Forsstroemia trichomitria C

Homomallium adnatum

Hypnum pallescens

Leskea gracilescens C

Leskea obscura C

Leskea polycarpa C

Leskeella nervosa C

Leucodon andrewsianus

Leucodon brachypus

Lindbergia brachyptera C

Neckera pennata

Platygyrium repens

Pylaisia intricata

Pylaisia polyantha

Pylaisia selwynii

Rauiella scita C

Schwetschkeopsis fabronia

Thelia asprella C

Thelia hirtella C

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TREE BASES

Arrhenopterum (Aulacomnium) heterostichum C

Bryum capillare C

Dicranella heteromalla C

Dicranum flagellare C

Dicranum montanum C

Dicranum viride C

Mnium hornum C

Mnium stellare C

Plagiomnium cuspidatum

Plagiomnium cilare C

Plagiomnium cuspidatum C

Plagiothecium cavifolium C

Plagiothecium laetum C

Rhodobryum ontariense C

Rosulabryum capillare C

Trichostomum tenuirostre C

Zygodon viridissimus C

Amblystegium serpens C

Anomodon attenuatus C

Anomodon minor C

Anomodon rugelii C

Anomodon (Haplohymenium) triste C

Brachytheciastrum (Brachythecium) velutinum C

Brachythecium campestre C

Brachythecium laetum C

Brachythecium rutabulum C

Brotherella (Pylaisiadelpha) recurvans

Callicladium haldanianum

Campylophyllum (Campylium) hispidulum

Entodon cladorrhizans

Entodon seductrix

Eurhynchiastrum (Eurynchium) pulchellum C

Fissidens taxifolius C

Haplocladium virginianum C

Herzogiella turfacea

Homalia trichomanoides C

Homomallium adnatum

Hygroamblystegium varium C

Hypnum cupressiforme

Hypnum imponens

Hypnum pallescens

Leskea gracilescens C

Leskea obscura C

Leskea polycarpa C

Leucodon brachypus

Lindbergia brachyptera C

Myrinia pulvinata

Platydicya subtilis

Platygyrium repens

Pterigynandrum filiforme

Rauiella scita C

Rhynchostegium serrulatum C

Sanionia uncinata C

Schwetschkeopsis fabronia

Sciuro-hypnum (Brachythecium) populeum C

Sciuro-hypnum (Brachythecium) reflexum C

Thelia asprella C

Thelia hirtella C

Thuidium delicatulum C

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LOGS and STUMPS

Amblystegium serpens C

Aulacomnium androgynum C

Buxbaumia minakatae

Dicranella heteromalla C

Dicranum flagellare C

Dicranum fuscescens C

Dicranum montanum C

Dicranum viride C

Leucobryum glaucum C

Oncophorus wahlenbergii C

Plagiomnium cilare C

Plagiomnium cuspidatum C

Plagiothecium laetum C

Rhodobryum ontariense C

Tetraphis genticulata C

Tetraphis pellucida C

Brachythecium campestre C

Brachythecium laetum C

Brachythecium rutabulum C

Brotherella (Pylaisiadelpha) recurvans

Callicladium haldanianum

Campyliadelphus (Campylium) chrysophyllus C

Campylophyllum (Campylium) hispidulum

Cyrto-hypnum minutulum C

Entodon cladorrhizans

Entodon seductrix

Eurhynchiastrum (Eurynchium) pulchellum C

Haplocladium virginianum C

Heterophyllym affine

Herzogiella turfacea

Hylocomium splendens

Hypnum cupressiforme

Hypnum curvifolium

Hypnum fauriei

Hypnum imponens

Hypnum pallescens

Ptilium crista-castrensis

Rhynchostegium serrulatum C

Rhytidiadelphus loreus

Sciuro-hypnum (Brachythecium) populeum C

Sciuro-hypnum (Brachythecium) reflexum C

Thuidium alleniorum C

Thuidium delicatulum C

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HUMIC SOIL and FOREST FLOOR (including moist or calcareous)

Arrhenopterum heterostichum C

Atrichum altecristatum C

Atrichum angustatum C

Atrichum crispulum C

Atrichum undulatum C

Barbula convoluta C!

Barbula unguiculata C!

Bryum capillare C

Buxbaumia aphylla

Dicranum fuscescens C

Dicranum majus C

Dicranum ontariense C

Dicranum polysetum C

Dicranum scoparium C

Didymodon fallax C!

Didymodon ferrugineus C!

Didymodon rigidulus C!

Diphysium foliosum C

Leucobryum albidum C

Leucobryum glaucum C

Mnium affine C

Mnium marginatum C!

Mnium spinulosum C

Mnium stellare C!

Mnium thompsonii C!

Orthotrichum anomalum C!

Plagiomnium cilare C

Plagiomnium cuspidatum C

Plagiomnium medium C!

Plagiomnium rostratum C!

Pohlia nutans C

Pohlia proligera C

Polytrichastrum (Polytrichum) longisetum C

Polytrichastrum (Polytrichum) ohioense C

Polytrichastrum (Polytrichum) pallidisetum C

Polytrichum commune C

Rhodobryum ontariense C!

Rosulabryum capillare C

Syntrichia ruralis C!

Abietinella abietina C!

Anomodon viticulosus C!

Brachythecium laetum C

Brachythecium rutabulum C

Brachytheciastrum (Brachythecium) velutinum C

Brotherella (Pylaisiadelpha) recurvans

Bryhnia gramicolor C!

Bryoandersonia illecebra C

Ctenidium molluscum

Cyrto-hypnum minutulum C

Entodon cladorrhizans

Entodon seductrix

Ephemerum crassinervum C

Eurhynchiastrum (Eurynchium) pulchellum C

Fissidens bryoides C!

Fissidens bushii C

Fissidens subbasilaris C!

Fissidens taxifolius C

Haplocladium virginianum C

Heterocladium dimorphum!

Heterophyllum affine

Hygroamblystegium varium C

Hylocomiastrum (Hylocomium) pyrenaicum C

Hylocomiastrum (Hylocomium) umbratum

Hylocomium splendens

Hypnum curvifolium

Hypnum imponens

Oxyrrhynchium hians

Pleurozium schreberi

Ptilium crista-castrensis

Rhytidiadelphus loreus

Rhytidiadelphus subpinnatus

Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus

Rhytidium rugosum C!

Sanionia orthothecioides C

Thuidium alleniorum C

Thuidium delicatulum C

Thuidium recognitum C!

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AQUATIC or FREQUENTLY SUBMERGED

Dichelyma capillaceum C

Dichelyma falcatum C

Dicranella schreberiana C

Fontinalis antipyretica

Fontinalis dalecarlica

Fontinalis hypnoides

Fontinalis novae-anglicae

Fontinalis sphagnifolia

Drepanocladus aduncus C

Fissidens fontanus C

Hygroamblystegium varium C

Leptodictyum riparium C

Platylomella lescurii C

Rhynchostegium (Platyhypnidium, Torrentaria) aquaticum C

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WET ROCKS IN OR NEAR STREAMS

Andreaea rothii C

Codriophorus (Racomitrium) acicularis C

Codriophorus (Racomitrium) aduncoides C

Cynodontium tenellum C

Dichodontium pellucidum C

Fontinalis antipyretica

Fontinalis dalecarlica

Fontinalis hypnoides

Fontinalis novae-anglicae

Fontinalis sphagnifolia

Grimmia donniana C

Grimmia olneyi C

Grimmia unicolor C

Hyophila involuta C!

Pohlia cruda C!

Racomitrium affine C

Racomitrium fasiculare C

Racomitrium sudeticum C

Racomitrium venustum C

Rhizomnium punctatum C

Schistidium apocarpum s.lat C

Schistidium rivulare C

Sciuro-hypnum (Brachythecium) plumosum C

Brachythecium rivulare C

Bryhnia novae-anglicae C

Fissidens bryoides C!

Fissidens dubious C

Fissidens osmundioides C

Hygroamblystegium varium C

Hygrohypnum duriusculum

Hygrohypnum eugyrium

Hygrohypnum luridum

Hygrohypnum ochraceum C

Hygrohypnum subeugyrium

Rhynchostegium (Platyhypnidium, Torrentaria) aquaticum C

Platylomella lescurii C

Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus

Sematophyllum marylandicum

Thamnobryum alleghensiense C

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WETLANDS, STREAMBANKS and WET SOIL (vs damp or moist)

Atrichum crispulum C

Atrichum crispum C

Atrichum oerstedianum C

Aulacomnium androgynum C

Aulacomnium palustre C

Bryum pallens C!

Catoscopium nigritum C!

Cinclidium stygium C!

Dicranum bonjeanii C!

Dicranum undulatum C

Meesia longiseta C!

Meesia triquetra C!

Mnium hornum C

Paludella squarrosa C!

Philonotis fontana C

Philonotis marchica C

Plagiomnium ellipticum C

Plagiothecium latebricola C

Pohlia wahlenbergii C

Polytrichum commune C

Polytrichum longisetum C

Polytrichum strictum C

Pseudobryum cinclidioides C

Ptychostomum (Bryum) pseudotriquertrum C

Rhizomnium appalachianum C

Rhizomnium magnifolium C

Brachythecium rivulare C

Bryhnia novae-anglicae C

Calliergon cordifolium C

Calliergon giganteum C!

Straminergon (Calliergon) stramineum C

Calliergonella cuspidata !

Campyliadelphus (Campylium) chrysophyllus C!

Campyliadelphus (Campylium) stellatum!

Cirrophyllum piliferum C

Climacium americanum C

Climacium dendroides C

Cratoneuron filicinum C!

Ctenidium molluscum

Drepanocladus aduncus C

Drepanocladus polygamus

Drepanocladus vernicosus

Eurhynchiastrum (Eurynchium) hians C

Fissidens adianthoides C

Fissidens osmundioides C

Hamatocaulis vernicosus C!

Elodium (Helodium) blandowii C!

Elodium (Helodium) elodioides C

Elodium (Helodium) paludosum C

Herzogiella striatella

Hygroamblystegium varium C

Hypnum lindbergii

Leptodictyum riparium C

Myrinia pulvinata

Pseuodocalliergon trifarium C

Pseuodocalliergon turgescens C

Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus

Sanionia uncinata C

Scorpidium cossonii C!

Scorpidium scorpioides!

Scorpidium (Limprichtia) revolvens C

Thuidium recognitum C

Tomentypnum falcifolium C!

Tomentypnum nitens C!

Warnstorfia fluitans C

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SEEPY LEDGES and WET ROCKS

Amphidium lapponicum C!

Amphidium mougeotii C!

Andreaea rothii C

Anomobryum julaceum C!

Arrhenopterum (Aulacomnium) heterostichum C

Atrichum crispum C

Blindia acuta C

Bryum capillare C

Cyrtomnium hymenophylloides C!

Codriophorus (Racomitrium) acicularis C

Codriophorus (Racomitrium) aduncoides C

Dichodontium pellucidum C

Dicranella schreberiana C

Dicranella varia C!

Dicranum undulatum C

Didymodon fallax C!

Didymodon ferrugineus C!

Didymodon rigidulus C!

Distichium capillaceum C!

Encalypta ciliata C!

Encalypta procera C!

Encalypta rhaptocarpa C!

Gymnostomum aeruginosum C

Hymenostylium recurvirostrum C!

Hyophila involuta C!

Meesia uliginosa C!

Mielichhoferia elongata C

Philonotis fontana C

Philonotis marchica C

Philonotis yezoana C

Plagiobryum zieri C

Pohlia cruda C!

Pohlia nutans C

Pohlia wahlenbergii C

Racomitrium affine C

Racomitrium fasiculare C

Racomitrium sudeticum C

Racomitrium venustum C

Rhabdoweisia crispata C

Rhizomnium appalachianum C

Rhizomnium punctatum C

Schistidium apocarpum s.lat C

Timmia megapolitana C!

Brachythecium rivulare C

Bryhnia novae-anglicae C

Bryoerythrophyllum recurvirostrum C!

Campyliadelphus (Campylium) chrysophyllus! C

Fissidens bryoides C!

Fissidens dubious C

Fissidens osmundioides C

Fissidens grandifrons C

Herzogiella striatella

Heterocladium dimorphum!

Hygroamblystegium varium C

Hygrohypnum luridum

Hygrohypnum ochraceum C

Loeskeobryum (Hylocomium) brevirostre

Myurella julacea!

Myurella sibirica!

Palustriella falcata C!

Plagiothecium cavifolium C

Plagiothecium denticulatum C

Plagiothecium laetum C

Pseudotaxiphyllum distichaceum

Pseudotaxiphyllum elegans

Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus

Rhynchostegium (Platyhypnidium, Torrentaria) aquaticum C

Saelania glaucescens C

Sanionia uncinata C

Sanionia orthothecioides C

Sciuro-hypnum (Brachythecium) plumosum C

Sematophyllum demissum

Taxiphyllum deplanatum!

Thamnobryum alleghensiense C

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ROCKS, LEDGES or THIN SOIL OVER ROCKS

Andreaea rothii C

Andreaea rupestris

Atrichum angustatum C

Barbula convoluta C!

Barbula unguiculata C!

Bartramia pomiformis C

Bucklandiella microcarpa C

Dicranodontium denudatum C

Dicranum fulvum C

Dicranum montanum C

Dicranum scoparium C

Ditrichum flexicaule C!

Encalypta ciliata C!

Encalypta procera C!

Encalypta rhaptocarpa C!

Grimmia muehlenbeckii C

Grimmia pilifera C

Hymenostylium recurvirostrum C!

Mnium marginatum C!

Mnium stellare C!

Mnium thompsonii C!

Orthotrichum anomalum C!

Orthotrichum strangulatum C!

Paraleucobryum longifolium C

Philonotis yezoana C

Plagiomnium cilare C

Plagiomnium cuspidatum C

Plagiomnium medium C!

Plagiomnium rostratum C!

Plagiopus oederiana C!

Pohlia proligera C

Polytrichastrum alpinum C

Polytrichum juniperinum C

Polytrichum piliferum C

Ptychomitrium incurvum C

Racomitrium canescens C

Racomitrium langinosum C

Rhodobryum ontariense C!

Schistidium crassithecium C

Schistidium maritimum C

Schistidium rivulare C

Schistostega pennata C

Seligeria campylopoda C

Syntrichia ruralis C!

Tetrodontiaum brownianum C

Timmia megapolitana C!

Trichostomum tenuirostre C

Tortella fragilis C

Tortella humilis C

Tortella inclinata C

Tortella tortuosa C

Tortula ruralis C

Ulota curvifolia C

Ulota hutchinsiae C

Ulota phyllantha C

Abietinella abietina C!

Amblystegium serpens C!

Anomodon attenuatus C!

Anomodon minor C!

Anomodon rostratus C!

Anomodon rugelii C!

Anomodon viticulosus C!

Brotherella (Pylaisiadelpha) recurvans

Bryhnia gramicolor C!

Campylostelium saxicola C

Campyliadelphus (Campylium) chrysophyllus C!

Cyrto-hypnum pygmaeum C

Entodon cladorrhizans

Entodon seductrix

Fissidens subbasilaris C!

Forsstroemia trichomitria C!

Haplocladium virginianum C

Hedwigia ciliata

Homalia trichomanoides C

Homomallium adnatum

Hylocomium splendens

Hypnum cupressiforme

Hypnum imponens

Hypnum pallescens

Isopterygiopsis muelleriana!

Isothecium myosuroides C

Myurella sibirica!

Platydictya confervoides

Platydictya jungermannioides

Pterigynandrum filiforme

Ptilium crista-castrensis

Pylaisiadelphia tenuirostris!

Rhynchostegium serrulatum C

Rhytidium rugosum C!

Sanionia orthothecioides C

Sciuro-hypnum (Brachythecium) populeum C

Thelia lescurii

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DISTURBED AREAS and EXPOSED SOIL (mesic-xeric but not wet)

Atrichum altecristatum C

Atrichum angustatum C

Aphanorrehegma serratum C

Bryum argenteum C

Bryum lisae C

Ceratodon purpureus C

Dicranella heteromalla C

Dicranum spurium C

Diphysium foliosum C

Ditrichum flexicaule C!

Ditrichum linare C

Ditrichum pallidum C

Ephemerum crassinervum C

Funaria hygrometrica C

Gemmabryum (Bryum) caespiticium C

Leptobryum pyriforme C

Physcomitrium pyriforme C

Pleuridium subulatum C

Pogonatum pensilvanicum

Pogonatum urnigerum

Pohlia annotina C

Pohlia bulbifera C

Pohlia nutans C

Polytrichum juniperinum C

Polytrichum piliferum C

Ptychostomum creberrimum C

Trematodon ambiguous C

Trichodon cylindricus C

Weissia controversa C

Thelia lescurii

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ALPINE

Arctoa blytii C

Arctoa fulvella C

Conostomum tetragonum C

Cynodontium tenellum C

Dicranum elongatum C

Grimmia donniana C

Meesia longiseta C!

Pogonatum dentatum

Pogonatum urnigerum

Pohlia annotina C

Pohlia nutans C

Polytrichum juniperinum C

Racomitrium canescens C

Racomitrium fasiculare C

Racomitrium langinosum C

Racomitrium microcarpon C

Ulota curvifolia C

Lescuraea saxicola

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DUNG

Splachnum ampullaceum C

Splachnum pensylvanicum C

Splachnum rubrum C

Tayloria serrata C

Tetraplodon angustatus C

Tetraplodon mnioides C

 

DarkOrange 'apricot' = Acrocarps - rarely branched, tuft formers

C = costate

! = "calciophile"

Names are those as recoginized in BFNA. Names in parantheses are common synonyms.


Improvements? Errors? A key you wish to have posted or adapted for posting? Email Jeff at info@TheDigitalNaturalist.info.